Print This Post Print This Post Email This Post Email This Post

Grass-eating fish help keep lake’s weeds in check

A delivery truck off-loaded about 300 grass carp into Lake Norman last Tuesday, April 24. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

A delivery truck delivered about 300 grass carp into Lake Norman last Tuesday, April 24. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

By DAVID BORAKS
DavidsonNews.net

on the lakeMOORESVILLE – Officials from Duke Energy, the the Lake Norman Marine Commission and the state of North Carolina gathered at the Davidson College Lake Campus in Mooresville one morning last week for a fish release. Not game fish, but “grass carp,” which the state has been using for more than a decade to control the growth of invasive hydrilla on Lake Norman.

Ron Shoultz is executive director of the marine commission, and a 15-year resident and boater. We asked him a few questions as we awaited the arrival of a tractor-trailer from Arkansas, carrying tanks of the large grey fish.

Listen to an audio version of this interview below.

Lake Norman Marine Commission director Ron Shoultz talks with another official at last week's fish release. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

Lake Norman Marine Commission director Ron Shoultz talks with another official at last week’s fish release. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

“(Grass carp) keep the hydrilla from getting bigger and spreading,” Shoultz said. The program is run by the commission in cooperation with Duke Energy and Charlotte Mecklenburg Utilities. The state Wildlife Resources Commission and the Aquatic Weed Council also pay portion of the cost, this year estimated at a few thousand dollars.

“The science has found that we’ve been pretty successful at control the hydrilla,” Shoultz said. In fact, Lake Norman’s success with using the carp to control weeds has become a case study for others.

Last year, Lake Norman wasn’t able to get any carp, so the program had a year off. That’s OK, Shoultz said, because the fish have helped bring the hydrilla under control over the past 11 years.

The truck came from an Arkansas hatchery called J.M Malone & Son. It pulled up next to the boat house at the Davidson Lake Campus, attached a pipe and long plastic sheath, and literally poured about 300 fish into the lake.

Grass carp bubble out of a chute and swim into Lake Norman. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

Grass carp bubble out of a chute and swim into Lake Norman. Click to enlarge. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

Shoultz said at one time about 400 of the lake’s 32,500 acres were infested with the weed, which is not native to the lake. This year, the focus is on the area near the Davidson Lake Campus.

“The primary areas that we have the biggest concentration of hydrilla on the lake are in this cove, which is called Work Creek. So we like to kind of keep them (the carp) close. They naturally will go to where the food is at. Lake Norman is very devoid of any natural vegetation, so they gravitate towards the hydrilla,” he said.

The grass-eating carp are sterile, which means they won’t reproduce and take over the lake.

AUDIO INTERVIEW

Listen to an audio interview with Ron Shoultz of the Lake Norman Marine Commission. Click the play button to start. Can’t see the player or hear the audio? CLICK HERE> (MP3, 44 sec)

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

RELATED LINKS

Lake Norman Marine Commission website, LNMC.org.

Marine Commission page on hydrilla and grass carp.

A truck from Arkansas delivered the fish. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

A truck from Arkansas delivered the fish. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

Grass carp swim away from the chute. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

Grass carp swim away from the chute. (David Boraks/DavidsonNews.net)

Support us banner

facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedin

This post was written by:

- who has written 7031 posts on DavidsonNews.net.

David Boraks is the founder and editor of Davidson News LLC, which started in 2006 as a neighborhood blog and evolved into a regional community news network. He is a print, magazine, web and radio journalist, with experience in every nook and cranny of the news world, covering everything from local news to Fortune 100 companies to technology to Asia. He lives on South Street in Davidson, in a house that was at the center of a 1914 murder case. Ask him and he'll tell you that story.

Contact the author

Comments are closed.

<ul><li><strong>woo_ads_rotate</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_1</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125a.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_2</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125b.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_3</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125c.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_4</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/125x125d.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_adsense</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_disable</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_image</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/300x250a.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_mpu_url</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_adsense</strong> - <!-- 600x80 -->
<div id=\'div-gpt-ad-1383141002347-9\' style=\'width:600px; height:80px;\'>
<script type=\'text/javascript\'>
googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display(\'div-gpt-ad-1383141002347-9\'); });
</script>
</div></li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_disable</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_image</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/468x60a.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_url</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_1</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_2</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_3</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_4</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_alt_stylesheet</strong> - default.css</li><li><strong>woo_author</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_auto_img</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_custom_css</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_custom_favicon</strong> - http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/57-DNN.png</li><li><strong>woo_featured_category</strong> - Top stories</li><li><strong>woo_feat_entries</strong> - 6</li><li><strong>woo_feedburner_id</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_feedburner_url</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_google_analytics</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_home</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_home_thumb_height</strong> - 57</li><li><strong>woo_home_thumb_width</strong> - 100</li><li><strong>woo_image_single</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_logo</strong> - http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/157-logo_web.png</li><li><strong>woo_manual</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/support/theme-documentation/gazette-edition/</li><li><strong>woo_resize</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_shortname</strong> - woo</li><li><strong>woo_show_carousel</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_show_video</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_single_height</strong> - 113</li><li><strong>woo_single_width</strong> - 250</li><li><strong>woo_tabs</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_themename</strong> - Gazette</li><li><strong>woo_uploads</strong> - a:85:{i:0;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/157-logo_web.png";i:1;s:68:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/156-logo_web_flag.png";i:2;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/155-logo_web.png";i:3;s:65:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/154-dnn_easter.jpg";i:4;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/153-logo_web.png";i:5;s:66:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/152-logo_web_SP.png";i:6;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/151-logo_web.png";i:7;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/150-Vdaylogo_dnn.png";i:8;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/149-Vdaylogo_dnn.jpg";i:9;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/148-logo_web.png";i:10;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/147-logo_NYE.png";i:11;s:66:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/142-dnn_holiday.png";i:12;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/141-logo_web.png";i:13;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/140-xmas2012_dnn.jpg";i:14;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/139-logo_web.png";i:15;s:64:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/138-logo_fall.png";i:16;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/137-logo_web.png";i:17;s:68:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/136-dnn_halloween.jpg";i:18;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/117-logo_web.png";i:19;s:66:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/116-logo_web_SP.png";i:20;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/115-logo_web.png";i:21;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/114-Vdaylogo_dnn.jpg";i:22;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/113-logo_web.png";i:23;s:64:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/112-GHday_dnn.jpg";i:24;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/111-logo_web.png";i:25;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/110-dnn_NYE.jpg";i:26;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/108-xmas2012_dnn.jpg";i:27;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/107-logo_web.png";i:28;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/106-ads_dnn.jpg";i:29;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/102-logo_web.png";i:30;s:68:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/101-dnn_halloween.jpg";i:31;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/100-logo_web.png";i:32;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/99-logo_web_flag.png";i:33;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/98-logo_web.png";i:34;s:64:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/97-dnn_easter.jpg";i:35;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/96-logo_web.png";i:36;s:65:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/95-logo_web_SP.png";i:37;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/94-logo_web.png";i:38;s:66:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/93-Vdaylogo_dnn.jpg";i:39;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/91-logo_web.png";i:40;s:64:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/90-DNN_dragon.jpg";i:41;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/89-logo_web.png";i:42;s:61:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/88-dnn_NYE.jpg";i:43;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/87-logo_web.png";i:44;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/86-dnnwinter.jpg";i:45;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/85-logo_web.png";i:46;s:64:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/84-5thAnnlogo.jpg";i:47;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/75-logo_web.png";i:48;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/74-logo_web_flag.png";i:49;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/73-logo_web.png";i:50;s:60:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/72-dnn_AL.png";i:51;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/65-logo_web.png";i:52;s:64:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/64-dnn_easter.jpg";i:53;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/63-logo_web.png";i:54;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/62-logo_new.png";i:55;s:65:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/61-logo_web_SP.png";i:56;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/59-logo_web.png";i:57;s:57:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/57-DNN.png";i:58;s:61:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/56-favicon.jpg";i:59;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/55-Vday_campaign.jpg";i:60;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/54-logo_web.png";i:61;s:66:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/53-logo_holiday.png";i:62;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/51-logo_web.png";i:63;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/50-logo_fall.png";i:64;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/49-logo_web.png";i:65;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/48-logo_fall.png";i:66;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/47-logo_web.png";i:67;s:67:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/46-logo_web_flag.png";i:68;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/41-logo_web.png";i:69;s:58:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/40-bday.png";i:70;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/39-logo_web.png";i:71;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/38-earthday.png";i:72;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/37-logo_web.png";i:73;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/36-logo_new.png";i:74;s:63:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/35-st_pattys.png";i:75;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/28-logo_web.png";i:76;s:56:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/21-TY.png";i:77;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/20-logo_web.png";i:78;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/19-logo_new.png";i:79;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/18-support4.png";i:80;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/17-support3.png";i:81;s:62:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/16-support2.png";i:82;s:64:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/15-support_us.png";i:83;s:65:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/14-anniversary.png";i:84;s:61:"http://davidsonnews.net/wp-content/woo_uploads/3-logo_new.png";}</li><li><strong>woo_video_category</strong> - Video</li></ul>